Using bridge to connect endpoints that use different transports

Component: Transport Bridge
NuGet Package NServiceBus.Bridge (2.x)
This is a community maintained project
Target NServiceBus Version: 7.x

The sample demonstrates how NServiceBus.Bridge can be used to connect endpoints that use different transports, in this case MSMQ and RabbitMQ.


  1. Ensure an instance of RabbitMQ is running and accessible.
  2. Ensure that MSMQ has been installed.

Running the project

  1. Start the projects in debug mode.
  2. Press enter in the Client console a couple of times.
  3. Observe the RequestHandler logging processed message IDs in the Server window.
  4. Observe the ReplyHandler logging processed message IDs in the Client window.
  5. Observe the EventHandler logging processed message IDs in the Client window.

Code walk-through

The solution consists of four projects.


The Shared project contains the message contracts.


The Client project contains an NServiceBus endpoint that runs the MSMQ transport. It is configured to route MyMessage request through the bridge to the Server endpoint. It is also configured to route subscribe messages for MyEvent messages through the bridge.

var bridge = transport.Routing().ConnectToBridge("Samples.Bridge.MixedTransports.BridgeLeft");
bridge.RouteToEndpoint(typeof(MyMessage), "Samples.Bridge.MixedTransports.Server");
bridge.RegisterPublisher(typeof(MyEvent), "Samples.Bridge.MixedTransports.Server");


The Server project contains an NServiceBus endpoint that runs the RabbitMQ transport. It processes MyMessage messages. As a result it publishes MyEvent events as well as replies directly to the Client with MyResponse.

log.Info($"Request {message.Id}");
await context.Publish(new MyEvent
    Id = message.Id

await context.Reply(new MyReply
    Id = message.Id

Both of these messages travel through the bridge but because they are not direct sends, the Server does not require any bridge configuration.


The Bridge project sets up a bi-directional bridge between MSMQ and RabbitMQ.

var bridgeConfig = Bridge
    .And<RabbitMQTransport>("Samples.Bridge.MixedTransports.BridgeRight", t =>

bridgeConfig.UseSubscriptionPersistence(new InMemorySubscriptionStorage());

The bridge routes the MyMessage messages based on the destination endpoint specified by the Client in the message headers. When forwarding, it replaces the NServiceBus.ReplyToAddress header with its own header so that MyReply messages sent by the Server are automatically routed to the bridge and then forwarded to the ultimate recipient, the Client.

The bridge translates the incoming subscribe messages from the Client to the native RabbitMQ subscription action (creating the exchange hierarchies) and uses its own subscription store to keep track of subscribers on the MSMQ side. When an event is published by the Server it is routed to the Bridge using RabbitMQ transport native mechanisms and then forwarded to the Client based on the data in the subscription store.

Related Articles

  • Transport Bridge
    How to connect parts of the system that use different transports.

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