The MSMQ transport in NServiceBus is a distributed transport in which the MSMQ process runs on each machine, storing messages locally before being forwarded to other machines. In this model, each
endpoint connects to the local MSMQ process and, when addressing a different endpoint, not only the queue name but also the host name has to be specified.
Because the MSMQ queues are not accessible from outside the machine they are hosted at, NServiceBus endpoints using the MSMQ transport are unable to use the competing consumers pattern to scale out with a single shared queue.
The distributor can be used to overcome this limitation.
Host name of the machine running each endpoint can be specified directly in the message-endpoint mapping configuration section by adding
<configuration> <configSections> <section name="UnicastBusConfig" type="NServiceBus.Config.UnicastBusConfig, NServiceBus.Core"/> </configSections> <UnicastBusConfig> <MessageEndpointMappings> <add Assembly="Sales.Messages" Endpoint="Sales@VM-1" /> <add Assembly="Billing.Messages" Endpoint="Billing@VM-2" /> </MessageEndpointMappings> </UnicastBusConfig> </configuration>
When using MSMQ, if there is no
@machine part, NServiceBus assumes the configured endpoint runs on a local machine.