Connection settings

Component: RabbitMQ Transport
NuGet Package NServiceBus.RabbitMQ (1.x)
Target NServiceBus Version: 4.x
Standard support for version 4.x of NServiceBus has expired. For more information see our Support Policy.

RabbitMQ uses the AMQP URI Specification. The RabbitMQ transport requires a connection string to connect to the RabbitMQ broker. This connection string can be specified via code or via app.config.

Specifying the connection string via code

To specify the connection string in code:

configure.UseTransport<NServiceBus.RabbitMQ>(() => "My custom connection string");

Specifying the connection string via app.config

By default, the transport will look for a connection string called NServiceBus/Transport in app.config:

<connectionStrings>
  <add name="NServiceBus/Transport"
       connectionString="host=broker1"/>
</connectionStrings>

To use a custom name for the connection string:

configure.UseTransport<NServiceBus.RabbitMQ>("MyConnectionStringName");

Connection string options

Below is the list of connection string options. When constructing a connection string, these options should be separated by a semicolon.

Host

The host name of the broker.

This Host value is required.

By default, the guest user can only connect via localhost. If connecting to a remote host, a user name and password must be provided.

<connectionStrings>
   <add name="NServiceBus/Transport"
        connectionString="host=myremoteserver;
                          username=myusername;
                          password=mypassword"/>
</connectionStrings>

Port

The port where the broker listens.

Default: 5671 if the UseTls setting is set to true, otherwise the default value is 5672

VirtualHost

The virtual host to use.

Default: /

UserName

The user name to use to connect to the broker.

Default: guest

Password

The password to use to connect to the broker.

Default: guest

RequestedHeartbeat

The interval for the heartbeats between the client and the server.

Default: 5 seconds

PrefetchCount

The number of messages to prefetch when consuming messages from the broker.

Default: The number of configured threads for the transport (as of Version 2.1)

UsePublisherConfirms

Controls if publisher confirms should be used.

Default: true

MaxWaitTimeForConfirms

How long the client should wait for publisher confirms, if enabled.

Default: 30 seconds.

RetryDelay

The time to wait before trying to reconnect to the broker if the connection is lost.

Default: 10 seconds

For debugging purposes, it can be helpful to increase the RequestedHeartbeat setting as shown below:
<connectionStrings>
  <add name="NServiceBus/Transport"
       connectionString="host=broker1;RequestedHeartbeat=600"/>
</connectionStrings>

Increasing this setting can help prevent the connection to the broker from timing out while the code is paused from hitting a breakpoint.

Controlling behavior when the broker connection is lost

The RabbitMQ transport monitors the connection to the broker and will trigger the critical error action if the connection fails and stays disconnected for the configured amount of time.

TimeToWaitBeforeTriggering

Controls the amount of time the transport waits after a failure is detected before triggering the critical error action.

Type: System.TimeSpan

Default: 00:02:00 (2 minutes)


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