Getting Started
Particular Service Platform

RabbitMQ Transport

NuGet Package: NServiceBus.RabbitMQ (9.x)
Target Version: NServiceBus 9.x

Provides support for sending messages over RabbitMQ using the RabbitMQ .NET Client.

Broker compatibility

The transport is compatible with RabbitMQ broker version 3.10.0 or higher, either self-hosted or running on CloudAMQP.

The stream_queue and quorum_queue feature flags must be enabled because the delay infrastructure requires at-least-once dead lettering.

The broker requirements can be verified with the delays verify command provided by the command line tool.

Transport at a glance

TransactionsNone, ReceiveOnly
Large message bodiesBroker can handle arbitrary message size within available resources, very large messages via data bus
Scale-outCompeting consumer
Scripted DeploymentNot supported
Native integrationSupported

Configuring the endpoint

To use RabbitMQ as the underlying transport:


The RabbitMQ transport requires a connection string to connect to the broker. A clustered configuration is recommended. See connection settings for options on how to provide the connection string.

Routing topology

Routing topologies are used to control how queues, exchanges, and bindings are created on the RabbitMQ broker. Selecting a routing topology is mandatory. For new deployments, the ConventionalRoutingTopology (previously the default) should be selected:

var transport = endpointConfiguration.UseTransport<RabbitMQTransport>();

See the routing topology documentation for further details.

Advantages and disadvantages


  • Provides native reliability and high-availability features.
  • Offers a native publish-subscribe mechanism; therefore it doesn't require NServiceBus persistence for storing event subscriptions.
  • Wide range of supported clients allows for integrating the system with applications written in other languages using native RabbitMQ features.
  • Supports the competing consumers pattern out of the box. Messages are received by instances in a round-robin fashion without additional configuration.


  • Doesn't handle network partitions well; partitioning across a WAN requires dedicated features.
  • Requires careful consideration for duplicate messages, e.g. using the outbox feature or making all endpoints idempotent.
  • Many organizations don't have the same level of expertise with RabbitMQ as with other technologies, such as SQL Server, so it may require additional training.
  • May require additional costs of commercial RabbitMQ license and support.

Controlling delivery mode

In AMQP the delivery_mode controls how the broker treats the message from a durability standpoint. NServiceBus will default to persistent in order to prevent message loss. To optimize for higher throughput this can be changed to non-persistent.

To request non-persistent delivery, use the following {Send|Publish|Reply}Options as shown below.

var options = new SendOptions();


await context.Send(new MyMessage(), options);


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