Logging

Component: NServiceBus
NuGet Package NServiceBus (7.x - 7.1)

Default Logging

NServiceBus has a built-in logging mechanism that does not depend on any external libraries. While limited in terms of available log targets, this built-in mechanism is production-ready and offers defaults that are reasonable for most deployments. The built-in framework is available and used as default in all NServiceBus hosting modes (e.g. self-hosting or Windows Service). Regardless of if the built-in logging or a custom logging library is used under the hood, the NServiceBus logging abstractions can be used for logging in the user code. By default NServiceBus has three log targets configured:

Console

All Info (and above) messages are written to the current console if one is available in the hosting environment.

Errors will be written with ConsoleColor.Red. Warnings will be written with ConsoleColor.DarkYellow. All other message will be written with ConsoleColor.White.

Trace

All Warn (and above) messages are written to Trace.WriteLine and therefore can be forwarded to any trace listener.

Rolling file

All Info (and above) messages are written to file. NServiceBus maintains up to 10 log files, each up to 10 MB in size. When the current file becomes full, NServiceBus automatically switches to the next one. If all ten files are full, the oldest file is overwritten.

The default logging directory is HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/App_Data/") for websites and AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory for all other processes.

The default file name is nsb_log_yyyy-MM-dd_N.txt, where N is a sequence number for when the log file reaches the max size.

Changing the defaults

The built-in logging mechanism allows customizing the logging directory and applying a global filter/threshold for log entries.

Changing the Logging Level

Each log entry is associated with a level that describes how important and critical that entry is. The built-in levels are following (in order of increasing importance)

  • Debug
  • Info
  • Warn
  • Error
  • Fatal

Configuring the global threshold to one of the levels described above means that all messages below that level are discarded. For example setting the threshold value to Warn means that only Warn, Error and Fatal messages are written.

The LogManager class is the entry point for the logging configuration. If needed, it allows using custom logging integrations (see below). It also allows customization of the default built-in logging. The Use generic method returns the LoggingFactoryDefinition-derived object that provides the customization APIs.

Configuring this feature via app.config, IConfigurationProvider, or IProvideConfiguration is deprecated in Version 7.
var defaultFactory = LogManager.Use<DefaultFactory>();
defaultFactory.Level(LogLevel.Debug);

Changing the log path

var defaultFactory = LogManager.Use<DefaultFactory>();
defaultFactory.Directory("pathToLoggingDirectory");

Custom Logging

For more advanced logging, it is recommended to utilize one of the many mature logging libraries available for .NET.

Moving to custom logging means the default logging approaches are replaced.

When to configure logging

It is important to configure logging before any endpoint configuration is done since logging is configured in the static context of each NServiceBus class. It should be configured as early as possible at the startup of the app. For example

Unit testing

Unit testing of logging is supported by the NServiceBus.Testing library.

Samples

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