NHibernate Persistence

Project Hosting | Nuget: NServiceBus.NHibernate (Version: 7.x)
Target NServiceBus Version: 6.x

Uses the NHibernate ORM for persistence.

Supported Persistence Types

Usage

The next stage is to actually tell NServiceBus how to use NHibernate for persistence

Edit
// Use NHibernate for all persistence concerns
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();

// or select specific concerns
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.Sagas>();
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.Subscriptions>();
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.Timeouts>();
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.Outbox>();
endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.GatewayDeduplication>();

Connection strings

It is possible to pass connection string in the app.config file, as described in the Using configuration convention section.

With Code

NHibernate persistence requires specifying a connection string.

The connection string might be passed using code configuration:

Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.ConnectionString(@"Data Source=.\SqlExpress;Database=nservicebus");

Customizing the configuration

To customize the NHibernate Configuration object used to bootstrap the persistence mechanism, either provide a ready-made object via code or use convention-based XML configuration. The code-based approach overrides the configuration-based one when both are used.

Passing Configuration in code

To specific configuration on a per-concern basis, use following

Edit
var nhConfiguration = new Configuration
{
    Properties =
    {
        ["dialect"] = "NHibernate.Dialect.MsSql2008Dialect"
    }
};

var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.UseSubscriptionStorageConfiguration(nhConfiguration);
persistence.UseGatewayDeduplicationConfiguration(nhConfiguration);
persistence.UseTimeoutStorageConfiguration(nhConfiguration);
Combine both approaches to define a common configuration and override it for one specific concern.

To use a given NHibernate Configuration object for all the persistence concerns:

Edit
var nhConfiguration = new Configuration
{
    Properties =
    {
        ["dialect"] = "NHibernate.Dialect.MsSql2008Dialect",
        ["connection.provider"] = "NHibernate.Connection.DriverConnectionProvider",
        ["connection.driver_class"] = "NHibernate.Driver.Sql2008ClientDriver"
    }
};

var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.UseConfiguration(nhConfiguration);
When using per-concern API to enable the NHibernate persistence, the UseConfiguration method still applies to the common configuration, not the specific concern being enabled. The following code will set up NHibernate persistence only for GatewayDeduplication concern but will override the default configuration for all the concerns.
Edit
var nhConfiguration = new Configuration
{
    Properties =
    {
        ["dialect"] = "NHibernate.Dialect.MsSql2008Dialect"
    }
};

var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.GatewayDeduplication>();
persistence.UseConfiguration(nhConfiguration);

Using configuration convention

NServiceBus then picks up the connection setting from the app.config from connectionStrings and appSettings sections. The convention used for appSettings does not support defining settings specific for a single persistence concern. If this level of granularity is required use a code-based approach.

When using SQL 2012 or later, change the dialect to MsSql2012Dialect. Additional dialects are available in the NHibernate.Dialect namespace, NHibernate documentation.
Edit
<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="NServiceBus/Persistence"
         connectionString="Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog=nservicebus"/>
    <!--Following connection string will be used only for accessing Saga data-->
    <add name="NServiceBus/Persistence/NHibernate/Saga"
         connectionString="Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog=nservicebus_saga"/>
  </connectionStrings>

  <!-- specify the other needed NHibernate settings like below in appSettings:-->
  <appSettings>
    <!-- dialect is defaulted to MsSql2008Dialect, if needed change accordingly -->
    <add key="NServiceBus/Persistence/NHibernate/dialect"
         value="NHibernate.Dialect.MsSql2008Dialect" />
    <!-- other optional settings examples -->
    <add key="NServiceBus/Persistence/NHibernate/connection.provider"
         value="NHibernate.Connection.DriverConnectionProvider" />
    <add key="NServiceBus/Persistence/NHibernate/connection.driver_class"
         value="NHibernate.Driver.Sql2008ClientDriver" />
  </appSettings>
</configuration>

Change database schema

The database schema used can be changed by defining the default_schema NHibernate property. See the previous Customizing the configuration section.

Subscription caching

The subscriptions can be cached when using NHibernate. This can improve the performance of publishing events as it is not required to request matching subscriptions from storage.

Publishing is performed on stale data. This is only advised in high volume environments where latency can be a potential issue.
Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence, StorageType.Subscriptions>();
persistence.EnableCachingForSubscriptionStorage(TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1));

Controlling schema

In some cases it may be necessary to take full control over creating the SQL structure used by the NHibernate persister. In these cases the automatic creation of SQL structures on install can be disabled as follows:

For all persistence schema updates:

Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.DisableSchemaUpdate();

For Gateway schema update:

Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.DisableGatewayDeduplicationSchemaUpdate();

For Subscription schema update:

Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.DisableSubscriptionStorageSchemaUpdate();

For Timeout schema update:

Edit
var persistence = endpointConfiguration.UsePersistence<NHibernatePersistence>();
persistence.DisableTimeoutStorageSchemaUpdate();

Generating scripts for deployment

To create scripts, for execution in production without using the installers, run an install in a lower environment and then export the SQL structure. This structure can then be migrated to production.

Samples

Related Articles


Last modified