Check the configuration via ServiceControl Management

Open ServiceControl Management and review the instance configuration. The user interface presents basic installation information for each instance of the ServiceControl service installed. To review the application configuration file for a specific instance click the installation path and then locate ServiceControl.exe.config from the Explorer window.

Service stops unexpectedly

The ServiceControl Windows Services are configured for automatic restart via Windows Service recoverability policy. The services are restarted after 1 minute of the unplanned shutdown.

Service fails to start

There are various reasons that can cause the ServiceControl Windows Service fail to start. If a critical exception is thrown at service start up this is reported via an error message in the Application Windows Event Log. Additional information may also be present in the ServiceControl logs.

The port is already in use

When adding a ServiceControl instance the configured port number is checked to ensure it is available. This is not infallible though as another application or service that uses the same port may not be running at the time the service is added.

In the event that the service fails to start to check if the configured port (typically port 33333) is available. To do this open up an elevated command prompt and issue the following command:

netstat -a -b

or use the provided ServiceControl Management PowerShell cmdlet to check a specific port:

Test-IfPortIsAvailable -Port 33333

Missing queue

The service expects to be able to connect to the error, audit and forwarding queues specified in the configuration. If the configuration has been manually changed ensure the specified queues exist.

Cannot connect to the queues

Some transports have access controls built into them. Ensure the service account specified has sufficient rights to access the queues.

Service won't start after changing service accounts

  1. The service account has access read rights to the directory the service is installed
  2. The service account has access read/write rights to the database and logs directories specified in the configuration.
  3. The service account has the logon as a service privilege.
  4. Ensure that a URLACL exists for the service (see next point for further info on listing URLACLs
  5. Ensure the group or account specified in the URLACL covers the service account.
  6. Confirm that the service account has sufficient writes to manage the configured queues. See Configuring a Non-Privileged Service Account for a breakdown of the queues to check.
To examine the configured URLACLs use either the PowerShell prompt and issue Get-UrlAcls or to examine the ACLS from a command prompt using the command line netsh http show urlacl.

Service fails to start: EsentInstanceUnavailableException

If ServiceControl fails to start and the logs contain a Microsoft.Isam.Esent.Interop.EsentInstanceUnavailableException ensure that ServiceControl database directory, sub-directory and files, is excluded from any anti-virus and anti-malware real-time and scheduled scan.

Service fails to start: EsentDatabaseDirtyShutdownException

If ServiceControl fails to start and the logs contain a Microsoft.Isam.Esent.Interop.EsentDatabaseDirtyShutdownException run Esent Recovery against the ServiceControl database followed by an Esent Repair.

  1. Open an elevated command prompt and navigate to the ServiceControl database directory (the default is %PROGRAMDATA%\Particular\ServiceControl\Particular.ServiceControl\DB)
  2. Run esentutl /r RVN /l "logs" and wait for it to finish
  3. Run esentutl /p Data and wait for it to finish
  4. Restart ServiceControl

Unable to connect to ServiceControl from either ServiceInsight or ServicePulse

  1. Log on to the machine hosting ServiceControl.
  2. Open ServiceControl Management.
  3. Click the on the ServiceControl instance that is running and needs to be examined.
  4. Click the URL under 'Host'. A valid response with JSON data will be received.
  5. If having issues remotely connecting to ServiceControl. Verify that firewall settings do not block access to the ServiceControl port specified in the URL.
Before changing firewall setting to expose ServiceControl read Securing ServiceControl.

Method not found: 'Void System.Net.Http.Formatting.BaseJsonMediaTypeFormatter.set_SerializerSettings(Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializerSettings)'

If the following exception occurs at startup, this is likely because there are one or more versions of Newtonsoft.Json registered in the Global Assembly Cache (GAC).

Service cannot be started. System.MissingMethodException: Method not found: 'Void System.Net.Http.Formatting.BaseJsonMediaTypeFormatter.set_SerializerSettings(Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializerSettings)'.

This problem can be resolved by removing Newtonsoft.Json entries from the GAC. It can be done with the gacutil command in an elevated (administrator) console:

gacutil /u Newtonsoft.Json

It may be required to first remove all HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\Installer\Assemblies\Global Newtonsoft.Json keys from the registry before using gacutil /u Newtonsoft.Json.

Resolve messages that cannot be retried

If certain messages are not scheduled for retry and the logs show the following message then the database could be in an inconsistent state:

2020-10-16 13:31:58.9863|190|Info|ServiceControl.Recoverability.RetryProcessor|Retry batch RetryBatches/1c33af76-8177-494d-ae9a-af060cefae02 cancelled as all matching unresolved messages are already marked for retry as part of another batch.
2020-10-16 13:31:59.2826|173|Info|ServiceControl.Recoverability.InMemoryRetry|Retry operation bf05499a-9261-41ec-9b49-da40e22a6f20 completed. 1 messages skipped, 0 forwarded. Total 1.

The internal FailedMessageRetries collection must be purged in order to restore retries for such messages.

  1. Upgrade to the latest ServiceControl version
  2. Ensure that currently there are no retry operations active
  3. Start the instance in Maintenance Mode
  4. Open the embedded RavenDB Management Studio
  5. Select the "FailedMessageRetries" collection in the left tree
  6. Delete all documents in the collection
  7. Stop maintenance mode

SmartScreen blocks the installer

The installer is code signed, but SmartScreen (called Windows SmartScreen, Windows Defender SmartScreen and SmartScreen Filter in different places) may classify the code signing certificate as "untrusted" and block the installer from running until permission is granted by the user.

Although the installer is code signed correctly with a certificate owned by "NServiceBus Ltd", SmartScreen will block it from running until Microsoft has built enough "trust" in the certificate. One of the main inputs to building that trust is when users grant permission to run the installer. To grant permission to run the installer, click "Run Anyway". This will no longer be required when Microsoft decides to trust the certificate.

When building ServiceControl, all build artifacts are virus scanned to ensure no viruses or malware are shipped with the installer packages.

Indexes get corrupted

Sometimes the following error can be observed:

Raven.Abstractions.Exceptions.IndexDisabledException: The index has been disabled due to errors


2021-03-23 09:27:50.0593|14|Warn|Raven.Database.DocumentDatabase|Could not create index batch
System.InvalidOperationException: Cannot modify indexes while indexing is in progress (already waited full minute). Try again later

Ensure that:

To resolve this error the indexes need to be partially rebuilt. To rebuild just the affected index execute the following steps:

If multiple indexes are affected it might be simpler to rebuild all indexes. Be aware though that this can take a very long time if the database is large and will use a lot of CPU and storage IO.

  • Stop the ServiceControl (audit or error) instance
  • Navigate to the database folder on disk
  • Delete the Indexes folder
  • Start the ServiceControl instance

Last modified