The NServiceBus Host is being deprecated as of version 9. Refer to the upgrade guide for further details.

When running an endpoint within the context of Visual Studio debugger, the required queues are created automatically on startup to facilitate development. However, when deploying this endpoint to a server, starting the endpoint from the command prompt will not create the needed queues. Creation of queues is a one time cost that should happen during installation.

To retrieve the list of available options for the host, run the following at the command line:

NServiceBus.Host.exe /?

Installing a Windows Service

To install the process as a Windows Service, include /install as a command line argument to the host. Using /install also causes the host to invoke the installers.

NServiceBus.Host.exe /install

Here is an example of the /install command line:

NServiceBus.Host.exe /install 
/displayName:"My Publisher Service"
/description:"Service for publishing event messages"
/endpointConfigurationType:"QualifiedNameSpace.EndpointConfigType, AssemblyName"


To set the name of the Windows Services in the registry, specify /serviceName:ServiceName. By default, the name of the service is the name of the endpoint and the endpoint name is the namespace of the endpoint configuration class.

The Windows Service name is different from what is displayed in the Windows Service Manager. The Windows Service Manager shows the DisplayName.


To set the name of the Windows Service as it is displayed in the Windows Service Manager, specify /displayName:ServiceDisplayName.

If the /displayName is not specified, then the default ServiceName will be used as the display name and not the provided service name as specified in the /serviceName parameter.


To set the description shown in the Windows Service Manager, specify /description:DescriptionOfService.


Specify the type implementing IConfigureThisEndpoint that should be used by using the /endpointConfigurationType parameter. The provided value needs to be the assembly qualified type name.


Configures the name of the endpoint. By default, the endpoint name is the namespace of the endpoint configuration class.


Configures NServiceBus to scan only the specified assemblies. The scannedAssemblies parameter needs to be provided for each assembly to include, e.g.:

NServiceBus.Host.exe /install

The host loads the assemblies by invoking Assembly.Load method. This approach ensures that the specified assembly and all its dependent assemblies will also be loaded.

When using the /scannedAssemblies parameter, don't forget to include at least NServiceBus.Host as well as any other referenced NServiceBus plugin. As NServiceBus.Host references NServiceBus.Core, the latter can be omitted from the list.


Specifies the names of services or groups which must start before this service, e.g. /dependsOn:"MSMQ". Multiple services/groups are separated by a comma.


By using the /sideBySide argument, the endpoints version will be appended to service name. This setting enables side-by-side operations by allowing multiple endpoints with different versions to run at the same time.


By default, Windows Services start automatically when the operating system starts. To change that, add /startManually to the /install command.


To specify under which account the service runs, pass in the username of that account.

When installing the Host using a custom user account, the user account is added to the Performance Monitor Users and is granted run as a service privileges. If, at a later time, the user needs to be changed it is suggested to uninstall the Host and re-install it in order to guarantee that the new user is correctly setup. The created privileges and Performance Monitor Users are not removed by the host when uninstalling and need to be managed by the administrator.

Version 7 and above supports Group Managed Service Accounts (GMSA). When specifying a GMSA, the /username command line switch should include the trailing dollar sign e.g. /username:"corp\gmsaaccount$" and the /password command line switch should be omitted.


If the specified account which runs the Windows Services requires a password, set it using the /password:"<password>" parameter.


A host profile can be specified as the last parameter, e.g. NServiceBus.Host.exe /install NServiceBus.Lite. By default, the NServiceBus.Production profile is applied.

Uninstalling a Windows Service

To uninstall, call

NServiceBus.Host.exe /uninstall

If a service name is specified when installing a service, be sure to pass them in to the uninstall command as well:

NServiceBus.Host.exe /uninstall  [/serviceName]

For example:

NServiceBus.Host.exe /uninstall /serviceName:"MyPublisher"

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